According to the CDC, 36.7% of adults, about 78.1 million people 21 years of age or older were on or eligible for cholesterol treatment. Of that group, 55.5% were taking medication and 46% reported making lifestyle changes to lower cholesterol.

Black and Mexican-American patients who should be treating their cholesterol were less likely to be doing so compared to their white counterparts (p<0.001), as were men compared to women (p=0.01). 

"Further efforts by clinicians and public-health practitioners are needed to implement complementary and targeted patient-education and disease-management programs to reduce sex and racial/ethnic disparities," said the researchers in the CDC’s Mortality and Morbidity Report.

The investigators used data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys from 2005-2012 to determine the baseline group of patients with high LDL cholesterol. 

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